Geographical Routing With Location Service in Intermittently Connected MANETs

An Intermittently Connected Mobile Ad hoc Networks (IC-MANET) operates in environments where the nodes do not form a completely connected network. Most Routing Protocols of Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks (MANETs) were studied using open space models where nodes were able to move throughout the entire simulation area. However, a more realistic topology should account for restricted mobility of nodes, such as in an urban city setting where there may be concentrations of nodes within specific areas (such as within buildings) and low density of nodes in other areas (such as in parks and roadways). Consequently, the simulation area should be partitioned into smaller sub-areas with varying densities to model such areas, called dense/ sparse areas.

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