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SAFETY PRICIPLES AND ASCRIPTION MODEL OF THE SAFETY MANAGEMENT

There are three important characteristics of Systems which can be applied to the simple safety systems model. Safety systems also have an adaptive response to their wider environments. One can make decision and design the safe system by taking into consideration of the Costing factor of accidents. For this we have make an objective
setting model for the safety of the concerned system. But adopting all the methods to prevent the accident, still accident occurs. Then we have to make Causal Ascription for the accident. Causal ascriptions represent an important link between workplace safety problems and the actions that are taken to control them. With this as a starting point, an ascriptional model of the safety management process is proposed that describes the formation of safety-related
attributions and the various individual and organizational factors that are likely to limit and/or bias these causal inferences. Several safety program recommendations are offered based on this analysis

PROPOSED MODEL
Moving from left to right in the figure, the occurrence of some safety related event provides the stimulus for causal thinking on the part of the worker, supervisor, or other workplace participant. The individual then "collects" information about the event to facilitate causal understanding. Ascription theory proposes several types of informational
or outcome-related cues that are important at this stage. Continuing along the mid-line of the figure, ascription research suggests that causes are typically categorized using three major dimensions: locus of causality, stability, and controllability. The manner in which causes are categorized plays an important role in the types of remedies that are pursued.



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Wed, 06/04/2011 - 22:08

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