Risk Reduction and Disaster Management.

There is a massive loss of life and property in Hazardous Chemical Emergencies. This
paper uniquely develops three Industrial Engineering techniques and applies them for
risk reduction and disaster management.

The first technique borrows the FMEA (Failure Mode and Effect Analysis) to enable
risk-analysis of important legal statutes. It takes into consideration the existing legal
provisions to prevent a Hazchem emergency and assigns risk priority number to each
provision. Three parameters viz. Severity (S), Occurrence (O) and Detection (D) of non
compliance have been defined on scale of 1-10. The risk priority number of a legal
provision gives the magnitude of necessity to improve upon that provision so as to
substantially reduce the risk of Hazchem accidents.

The second technique, EPR draws an approach on systematic risk reduction using
technique analogous to method improvement technique in method study. Although, risk
reduction studies recommend a variety of risk reduction measures, these measures
differ in terms of their risk-reducing effectiveness. A systematic approach called EPR
has been used for enumerating the risk reduction measures in which, three different
approaches in decreasing order of their effectiveness to reduce risk are explored. EPR is
the acronym for Eliminate, Prevent and Respond.

The third technique, PAC lays out a methodology for performing gap analysis in
emergency response procedures. It is an analysis method developed by the authors to
enable effective emergency response planning for a particular emergency scenario. It
clarifies the roles and responsibilities of various responders, actions to be taken and
communication to be made while throwing light on the resources required to combat
emergency. It also draws attention to the specifics of communication that must be

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Mon, 11/04/2011 - 22:30