A new torque and flux control method for switched reluctance motor drives

Switched reluctance (SR) motors have an intrinsic simplicity and low cost that make them well suited to many applications. However the motor's doubly salient structure and highly nonuniform torque and magnetization characteristics lead to the inability to excite the motor using conventional AC motor waveforms, or apply established AC motor rotating field theory to the motor. Furthermore, high torque ripple is inherent in the motor unless a torque ripple reduction strategy is employed. Thus, control of the motor is difficult and complex compared to other machines. Previous methods of control have fallen into two main categories: those which use a simplified linear model and those which account for the motor saturation. The simplified linear model schemes have the advantage of simplicity and tractability but are inaccurate in most practical SR drives, whereas the nonlinear schemes have the problem of high complexity and computational expensiveness which makes real-time implementation difficult. To overcome these problems, in this paper, a novel control method for the SR motor is derived from analysis of the nonuniform torque characteristics of the motor. The control method applies the philosophy of direct torque control (DTC). Unlike previous direct torque control schemes for the SR motor drive, the new method does not involve short flux patterns, a change of the motor winding configuration, or the use of a bipolar current drive. Thus, the scheme can be conveniently implemented on any normal type of SR motor drive. In addition, the scheme overcomes the problems associated with torque ripple control in the SR motor by regulating the torque output of the motor within a hysteresis band. Furthermore, the scheme is very simple and can be implemented in real-time with low cost microprocessor hardware

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