There are three important characteristics of Systems which can be applied to the simple
safety systems model. Safety systems also have an adaptive response to their wider
environments. One can make decision and design the safe system by taking into
consideration of the Costing factor of accidents. For this we have make an objective
setting model for the safety of the concerned system. But adopting all the methods to
prevent the accident, still accident occurs. Then we have to make Causal Ascription for the
Causal ascriptions represent an important link between workplace safety problems and the
actions that are taken to control them. With this as a starting point, an ascriptional model of
the safety management process is proposed that describes the formation of safety-related
attributions and the various individual and organizational factors that are likely to limit
and/or bias these causal inferences. Several safety program recommendations are offered
based on this analysis


Safety programmes

In practice, such models translate into safety programmes characterized by a number of
key processes and elements. Overall, these are concerned with formulating policy and
objectives, organizing and planning to meet those objectives and putting in place and
monitoring the necessary arrangements. Reviews of the leading organizations in relation to
safety have identified the following key elements for success:

1. Well-defined safety objectives;
2. Well-designed safety policy;
3. Demonstration of strong management commitment and competence (guidance,
responsibility and accountability);
4. Adequate provision of resources for safety;
5. Agreed and clearly defined safety standards and procedures;
6. Joint consultation with the workforce;
7. Effective performance monitoring and feedback;
8. Effective incident investigation procedures;
9. Consideration of safety during selection and induction processes;
10. Systematic training programmes;
11. Promotion of principles of good job design in relation to safety: positive attitudes
and (intrinsic) motivation, responsibility and meaning;
12 Effective communication with respect to safety
13 Well practiced and effective emergency procedures;
14 The support of safety professionals.
Safety programmes can only be effectively implemented if safety is actively managed

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Sun, 10/04/2011 - 22:58