## mathematics

The word "mathematics" comes from the Greek μάθημα (*máthēma*), which means *learning*, *study*, *science*, and additionally came to have the narrower and more technical meaning "mathematical study", even in Classical times.^{[9]} Its adjective is μαθηματικός (*mathēmatikós*), meaning *related to learning* or *studious*, which likewise further came to mean *mathematical*. In particular, μαθηματικὴ τέχνη (*mathēmatikḗ tékhnē*), Latin: *ars mathematica*, meant *the mathematical art*.

The apparent plural form in English, like the French plural form *les mathématiques* (and the less commonly used singular derivative *la mathématique*), goes back to the Latin neuter plural *mathematica* (Cicero), based on the Greek plural τα μαθηματικά (*ta mathēmatiká*), used by Aristotle, and meaning roughly "all things mathematical"; although it is plausible that English borrowed only the adjective *mathematic(al)* and formed the noun *mathematics* anew, after the pattern of physics and metaphysics, which were inherited from the Greek.^{[10]} In English, the noun *mathematics* takes singular verb forms. It is often shortened to *maths* or, in English-speaking North America, *math*.

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