India is an agricultural country with fertile land, plenty of water resources, live stock forestry resources and agricultural residues. Energy is one of the key factors for the development of national economies in India. An overview of the energy situation in India is introduced with reference to the end uses and regional distribution. Energy sources are divided in to two main types: conventional energy (bio mass, petroleum products and electricity) and non-conventional energy (solar, wind, hydro, etc.,). India possesses a relatively high abundance of sunshine, solar radiation, and moderate wind speeds, hydro and mass energy resources. Application of new and renewable sources of energy available in India is now a major issue in the future energy strategic planning for the alternative to the fossil conventional energy to provide part of the local energy demand. India is an important case study in the context of renewable energy. It has a long history of meeting its energy needs through renewables.  India’s renewable portfolio is broad and diverse, due in part to the country’s wide range of climates and landscapes. Like many of the Asian leaders in renewable energy utilization,-India has a well- defined commitment to continue research, development, and implementation of new technologies. Sustainable low carbon energy scenarios for the new century emphasize the untapped potential of renewable resources. Rural areas of India can benefit from this transition. The increased availability of the reliable and efficient energy services stimulates new development alternatives. It is concluded that renewable environmentally friendly energy must be encouraged, promoted, implemented and demonstrated by full scale plant especially for use in remote rural areas.

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Tue, 12/04/2011 - 15:07