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ETHICAL RESPONSIBILITIES DURING INDUSTRIAL DISASTERS

The complexity of industrial disasters, the high probability of their occurrence
and the risks they impose make use and exchanges of information essential. Our ability to act in a technological sense and to predict the consequences of that action is the greatest challenge faced in the management during industrial disasters. The ethical equation in relation to industrial disasters involves three components. One, to develop the necessary predictive knowledge base. Second, to use the knowledge which has been developed.


Third, the use of the knowledge must be directed to the prevention of those harms
resident in the concept of prohibited risk. Industrial disasters result when the threats to people and life-support systems
which arise from technology and the mass production of goods and services. Industrial
hazards may occur at any stage in the production process.
The paper points out uncertainties that are abound in the case of the
unprecedented industrial disasters. These include situational uncertainty, legal
uncertainty , societal uncertainty , institutional uncertainty, and scientific uncertainty. Most important perhaps, is unexpected ethical uncertainties. It also discusses how the knowledge database is useful for taking preventive action. The paper in particular deals
with certain industrial disasters in Indian context ..
The paper also highlights various industrial and workplace hazards and suggests
how ethical management is helpful in working out risks. The unavailability of knowledge
may be due to the inability to develop reliable and predictive information or due to
ignorance is another matter or unavailability by design or choice.
Hence, the proper framing of disaster management system at state or central level
with technological support helps to minimize the effects of disaster. The paper also
discusses the machinery used for helping the emergency managers to take ethical
decisions. It also emphasizes the technological tools and techniques used for taking ethical decision. The paper stresses the importance of use of Mobile technology and RFID cards and computer technology for generating predictive knowledge base. These technologies are very helpful for reducing impacts of disaster.


Disaster policy makers, industrial leaders, and emergency managers must know
present situations, Ethical decision making requires, at a minimum, a full and predictive knowledge base. Knowledge is a necessary ingredient for decision making.



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