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Environment Management System And Green Supply Chain Management

Supply chain management:

The supply chain encompasses all activities associated with the flow and transformation of goods from raw materials (extraction), through the end user, as well as associated information flows. Material and information flow both up and down the supply chain.

 

Green supply chain management:

Green supply refers to the way in which innovations in supply chain management and industrial purchasing may be considered in the context of the environment”.“Environmental supply chain management consists of the purchasing function’s involvement in activities that include reduction, recycling, reuse and the substitution of materials.

Environmental supply chain management consists of the purchasing function’s involvement in activities that include reduction, recycling, reuse and the substitution of materials.

The term ‘supply chain’ describes the network of suppliers, distributors and consumers. It also includes transportation between the supplier and the consumer, as well as the final consumer…the environmental effects of the researching developing, manufacturing, storing, transporting, and using a product, as well as disposing of the product waste, must be considered.”

 

Green Supply chain Practise:

From a strategic organizational perspective, and issue of debate, decentralization versus centralization of corporate procurement is becoming a concern. One of the considerations here has to do with whether a strategic environmental policy can be better maintained throughout an organization with decentralized purchasing decision making. With empowerment, from total quality management programs, further defusing throughout organizations, and especially the purchasing function, various philosophies may be less homogeneous. Monitoring green product procurement becomes more complex in a decentralized environment. Yet, a decentralized decision environment may also present greater opportunity for purchasers to find and build relationships with geographically closer vendors. This close proximity makes transportation more efficient and less costly, and may make monitoring and auditing of supplier activities more effective. In addition, multinational conglomerates who have a broad product family and many subdivisions may find it more feasible to allow divisions to determine their own supplier and purchasing environmental requirements.



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Tue, 12/04/2011 - 15:00

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