The Electronic Passport and the Future Government-Issued RFID-Based Identification.
A method, program, and system for creating and validating an electronic identification document are provided. The invention comprises providing an electronic document to a user, wherein the electronic document contains input fields for personal identification information, and receiving the user's personal identification information in the input fields of the electronic document. Next an electronic signature is received from the user and attached to the electronic document. An electronic certificate is added to the document, and the entire document is encrypted. The electronic document acts as a legally valid form of identification, such as a passport. To validate the document, the document is uploaded from the pervasive computing device to an authorizing machine which decrypts the document. The digital certificate and electronic signature attached to the document are then verified for authenticity.
Smart cards provide portable containers for account, public key, and biometric data. They are increasingly prevalent for payment mechanisms (e.g., mobile telephone SIMs and credit cards). They are also used as storage of medical information, as a personal identification card and as a means of a computer access control. The cards, containing a microprocessor and memory, cost in the range of US$2 to 10. The technology is deployed in over 90 countries, mostly in Europe and Asia, with over a billion cards shipped annually.
The first application was prepaid telephone cards in Europe in the mid-1980s. The worldwide GSM mobile phone network is now secured by more than 500 million smart cards. On many cellular telephone networks, a subscriber uses a SIM (Subscriber Identity Module) smart card to activate the telephone. The card authenticates the user and provides encryption keys for digital voice transmission. SIM cards can also provide transactional services such as remote banking, cash machines, bill paying, and bridge tolls.