Accident Prevention through Behavioral Safety

Industries focus completely on common safety performance measures such as lost time
injury frequency rate and number of lost days in an effort to measure safety performance.
Unfortunately, these indicators just measure failure to control and give no indication of risk
management effort, which may take time to come to fruition.

An important aspect towards productivity improvement in an organization is to maintain a
safe and healthful environment for the well being of the employee. Workplace protection is
a sum of individual safety and health protection. Industrial safety and health protection
have equal standing for the enterprise and has substantial value like any other company
targets. The goal of an organization is the avoidance of all accidents and work related
illnesses as well as protection of lives and health of the employees.

Analyzing the interactions between people's behavior and the working environment it is
possible to identify the factors that support safe or unsafe behavior. Subsequently, by
changing the environment to support safe behavior and implementing proven behavioral
safety processes companies, like many others, can dramatically reduce the number of losttime
and minor injuries.

In order to improve safety and reliability within organizations, behavioral approaches
towards safety management are commonly implemented. These interventions are based
upon the principle that modification and change of safety critical behaviors can facilitate
safety improvements and reduce accidents. At the same time, there have been reported
criticisms of behavioral approaches; specifically that they provide no substitute for a
rigorously applied safety management programme and that behavior modification is often
limited to accidents with clearly identifiable behavioral precursors.

The paper will identify and discuss both the advantages and limitations of behavior-based
safety interventions. The sustainability of behavioral approaches is reviewed in the context
of the employee’s positive attitude towards behavioral safety within a high reliability
organization. The authors have tried to critically review whether behavioral safety
initiatives are short-term or can provide a sustainable fix.

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Sun, 10/04/2011 - 23:14