A  3D  relief  in  textiles  not  only  generates  a  different  visual  differentiation  but  also

gives  a  tactile  sensation,  a  hap  tic  experience  that  triggers  an  extra  sensory  observation.

Three-dimensional  woven,  braided  or  stitched  fibrous  assemblies  are  textile  architectures

having fibers oriented so that both the in-plane and transverse tows are interlocked to form an

integrated structure that has a unit cell with comparable dimensions in the all three orthogonal

directions.  The  fabrics  acquire  their  3D  structure  by  making  use  of  different  weaving

bindings,  yarns  and  layers.  3-D  fabrics  are  technical  textiles  made  on  3planar  geometry  on

contrary to 2-D fabrics which are weaved in 2 planes. 

There have been important recent developments in the production and application of

three  dimensional  fabrics.  3D  fibrous  assemblies  summarises  some  key  developments  and

their  applications  in  the  textile  industry.  Intrigued  by  the  constant  changing  interaction

between  bindings  and  yarns,  we  see  it  as  our  challenge  to  create  innovative  and  senses

triggering textiles & products by using and pushing the technical possibilities as much as we


Historically, applications of 3-D fabrics were restricted to aerospace development but

nowadays  these  find  applications  commercially,  particularly  in  marine  structures  and

industrial components. Scientists believe 3D woven preformed parts will be a key technology

in  achieving  almost  100%  atomization  in  respect  of  the  manufacturing  of  complex  shaped

Composite  parts.  This  paper  includes  weaving  methods,  properties  and  applications  of  3D

fabrics in today’s and coming era.

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Thu, 21/04/2011 - 02:00